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大学物理(上、下册)(英文版)
作者:(美)罗纳德·莱恩·里斯 著
ISBN:7-111-10944-9
所属丛书:时代教育·国外高校优秀教材精选

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ISBN:7-111-10944-9
装订:平装
责编:刘小慧
开本:16开
出版日期: 2008-03-18
字数:0 千字
定价:86.0
图书简介
作者信息
章节目录
1 PRELUDES
1.1 Nature and Mathematics: Physics as Natural Philosophy
1.2 Contemporary Physics: Classical and Modern
1.3 Standards for Measurement
1.4 Units of Convenience and Unit Conversions
1.5 The Meaning of the Word Dimension
1.6 The Various Meanings of the Equal Sign
1.7 Estimation and Order of Magnitude
1.8 The Distinction Between Precision and Accuracy
2 A MATHEMATICAL TOOLBOX
2.1 Scalar and Vector Quantities
2.2 Multiplication of a Vector by a Scalar
2.3 Parallel Transport of Vectors
2.4 Vector Addition by Geometric Methods:Tail-to-Tip Method
2.5 Determining Whether a Quantity Is a Vector*
2.6 Vector Difference by Geometric Methods
2.7 The Scalar Product of Two Vectors
2.8 The Cartesian Coordinate System and the Cartesian Unit Vectors
2.9 The Cartesian Representation of Any Vector
2.10 Multiplication of a Vector Expressed in Cartesian Form by a Scalar
2.11 Expressing Vector Addition and Subtraction in Cartesian Form
2.12 The Scalar Product of Two Vectors Expressed in Cartesian Form
2.13 Determining the Angle Between Two Vectors Expressed in
Cartesian Form
2.14 Equality of Two Vectors
2.15 Vector Equations
2.16 The Vector Product of Two Vectors
2.17 The Vector Product of Two Vectors Expressed in Cartesian Form
2.18 Variation of a Vector
2.19 Some Aspects of Vector Calculus
3 KINEMATICSⅠ
3.1 Rectilinear Motion
3.2 Position and Changes in Position
3.3 Average Speed and Average Velocity
3.4 Instantaneous Speed and Instantaneous Velocity
3.5 Average Acceleration
3.6 Instantaneous Acceleration
3.7 Rectilinear Motion with a Constant Acceleration
3.8 Geometric Interpretaions*
4 KINEMATICSⅡ
4.1 The Position, Velocity, and Acceleration Vectors in Two Dimensions
4.2 Two-Dimensional Motion with a Constant Acceleration
4.3 Motion in Three Dimensions
4.4 Relative Velocity Addition and Accelerations
4.5 Uniform Circular Motion: A First Look
4.6 The Angular Velocity Vector
4.7 The Geometry and Coordinates for Describing Circular Motion
4.8 The Position Vector for Circular Motion
4.9 The Velocity and Angular Velocity in Circular Motion
4.10 Uniform Circular Motion Revisited
4.11 Nonuniform Circular Motion and the Angular Acceleration
4.12 Nonuniform Circular Motion with a Constant Angular Acceleration
5 NEWTON#S LAWS OF MOTION
5.1 Fundamental Particles*
5.2 The Fundamental Forces of Nature*
5.3 Newton#s First Law of Motion and a Qualitative Conception of Force
5.4 The Concept of Force and Its Measurement
5.5 Newton#s Second Law of Motion
5.6 Newton#s Third Law of Motion
5.7 Limitations to Applying Newton#s Laws of Motion
5.8 Inertial Reference Frames: Do They Really Exist?*
5.9 Second Law and Third Law Force Diagrams
5.10 Weight and the Normal Force of a Surface
5.11 Tensions in Ropes, Strings, and Cables
5.12 Static Friction
5.13 Kinetic Friction at Low Speeds
5.14 Kinetic Friction Proportional to the Particle Speed*
5.15 Fundamental Forces and Other Forces Revisited*
5.16 Noninertial Reference Frames*
6 THE GRAVITATIONAL FORCE AND THE GRAVITATIONAL FIELD
6.1 How Did Newton Deduce the Gravitational Force Law?
6.2 Newton#s Law of Universal Gravitation
6.3 Gravitational Force of a Uniform Spherical Shell on a Particle
6.4 Gravitational Force of a Uniform Sphere on a Particle
6.5 Measuring the Mass of the Earth
6.6 Artificial Satellites of the Earth
6.7 Kepler#s First Law of Planetary Motion and the Geometry of Ellipses
6.8 Spatial Average Position of a Planet in an Elliptical Orbit*
6.9 Kepler#s Second Law of Planetary Motion
6.10 Central Forces, Orbital Angular Momentum, and Kepler#s Second Law*
6.11 Newton#s Form for Kepler#s Third Law of Planetary Motion
6.12 Customized Units
6.13 The Gravitational Field
6.14 The Flux of a Vector*
6.15 Gauss#s Law for the Gravitational Field*
7 HOOKE#S FORCE LAW AND SIMPLE HARMONIC OSCILLATION
7.1 Hooke#s Force Law
7.2 Simple Harmonic Oscillation
7.3 A Vertically Oriented Spring
7.4 Connection Between Simple Harmonic Oscillation and Uniform
Circular Motion
7.5 How to Determine Whether an Oscillatory Motion Is Simple
Harmonic Oscillation
7.6 The Simple Pendulum
7.7 Through a Fictional Earth in 42 Minutes
7.8 Damped Oscillations*
7.9 Forced Oscillations and Resonance*
8 WORK,ENERGY,AND THE CWE THEOREM
8.1 Motivation for Introducing the Concepts of Work and Energy
8.2 The Work Done by Any Force
8.3 The Work Done by a Constant Force
8.4 The Work Done by the Total Force
8.5 Geometric Interpretation of the Work Done by a Force
8.6 Conservative, Nonconservative, and Zero-Work Forces
8.7 Examples of Conservative, Nonconservative,and Zero-Work Forces
8.8 The Concept of Potential Energy
8.9 The Gravitational Potential Energy of a System near the Surface of the Earth
8.10 The General Form for the Gravitational Potential Energy
8.11 The Relationship Between the Local Form for the Gravitational
Potential Energy and the More Genral Form*
8.12 The Potential Energy Function Associated with Hooke#s Force Law
8.13 The CWE Theorem
8.14 The Escape Speed
8.15 Black Holes*
8.16 Limitations of the CWE Theorem: Two Paradoxical Examples*
8.17 The Simple Harmonic Oscillator Revisited
8.18 The Average and Instantaneous Power of a Force
8.19 The Power of the Total Force Acting on a System
8.20 Motion Under the Influence of Conservative Forces Only: Energy Diagrams*
9 IMPULSE, MOMENTUM,AND COLLISIONS
9.1 Momentum and Newton#s Second Law of Motion
9.2 Impulse-Momentum Theorem
9.3 The Rocket:A System with Variable Mass*
9.4 Conservation of Momentum
9.5 Collisions
9.6 Disintegrations and Explosions
9.7 The Centripetal Acceleration Revisited*
9.8 An Alternative Way to Look at Force Transmission*
9.9 The Center of Mass
9.10 Dynamics of a System of Particles
9.11 Kinetic Energy of a System of Particles
9.12 The Velocity of the Center of Mass for Collisions*
9.13 The Center of Mass Reference Frame*
10 SPIN AND ORBITAL MOTION
10.1 The Distinction Between Spin and Orbital Motion
10.2 The Orbital Angular Momentum of a Particle
10.3 The Circular Orbital Motion of a Single Particle
10.4 Noncircular Orbital Motion
10.5 Rigid Bodies and Symmetry Axes
10.6 Spin Angular Momentum of a Rigid Body
10.7 The Time Rate of Change of the Spin Angular Momentum
10.8 The Moment of Inertia of Various Rigid Bodies
10.9 The Kinetic Energy of a Spinning System
10.10 Spin Distorts the Shape of the Earth*
10.11 The Precession of a Rapidly Spinning Top*
10.12 The Precession of the Spinning Earth*
10.13 Simultaneous Spin and Orbital Motion
10.14 Synchronous Rotation and the Parallel Axis Theorem
10.15 Rolling Motion Without Slipping
10.16 Wheels*
10.17 Total Angular Momentum and Torque
10.18 Conservation of Angular Momentum
10.19 Conditions for Static Equilibrium
11 SOLIDS AND FLUIDS
11.1 States of Matter
11.2 Stress,Strain, and Young#s Modulus for Solids
11.3 Fluid Pressure
11.4 Static Fluids
11.5 Pascal#s Principle
11.6 Archimedes# Principle
11.7 The Center of Buoyancy*
11.8 Surface Tension*
11.9 Capillary Action*
11.10 Fluid Dynamics: Ideal Fluids
11.11 Equation of Flow Continuity
11.12 Bernoulli#s Principle for Incompressible Ideal Fluids
11.13 Nonideal Fluids*
11.14 Viscous Flow*
12 WAVES
12.1 What Is a Wave?
12.2 Longitudinal and Transverse Waves
12.3 Wavefunctions,Waveforms,and Oscillations
12.4 Waves Propagating in One, Two, and Three Dimensions
12.5 One-Dimensional Waves Moving at Constant Velocity
12.6 The Classical Wave Equation for One-Dimensional Waves*
12.7 Periodic Waves
12.8 Sinusoidal (Harmonic) Waves
12.9 Waves on a String
12.10 Reflection and Transmission of Waves
12.11 Energy Transport via Mechanical Waves
12.12 Wave Intensity
12.13 What is a Sound Wave?*
12.14 Sound Intensity and Sound Level*
12.15 The Acoustic Doppler Effect*
12.16 Shock Waves*
12.17 Diffraction of Waves
12.18 The Principle of Superposition
12.19 Standing Waves
12.20 Wave Groups and Beats*
12.21 Fourier Analysis and the Uncertainty Principles*
13 TEMPERATURE,HEAT TRANSFER,AND THE FIRST
LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS
13.1 Simple Thermodynamic Systems
13.2 Temperature
13.3 Work,Heat Transfer,Temperature,and Thermal Equilibrium
13.4 The Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics
13.5 Thermometers and Temperature Scales
13.6 Temperature Conversions Between the Fahrenheit and Celsius Scales*
13.7 Thermal Effects in Solids and Liquids: Size
13.8 Thermal Effects in Ideal Gases
13.9 Calorimetry
13.10 Reservoirs
13.11 Mechanisms for Heat Transfer*
13.12 Thermodynamic Processes
13.13 Energy Conservation:The First Law of Thermodynamics and the CWE Theorem
13.14 The Connection Between the CWE Theorem General Statement of Energy Conservation
13.15 Work Done by a System on Its Surroundings
13.16 Work Done by a Gas Taken Around a Cycle
3.17 Applying the First Law of Thermodynamics:Changes of State
14 KINETIC THEORY
14.1 Background for the Kinetic Theory of Gases
14.2 The Ideal Gas Approximation
14.3 The Pressure of an Ideal Gas
14.4 The Meaning of the Absolute Temperature
14.5 The Internal Energy of a Monatomic Ideal Gas
14.6 The Molar Specific Heats of an Ideal Gas
14.7 Complications Arise for Diatomic and Polyatomic Gases
14.8 Degrees of Freedom and the Equipartition of Energy Theorem
14.9 Specific Heat of a Solid*
14.10 Some Failures of Classical Kinetic Theory
14.11 Quantum Mechanical Effects*
14.12 An Adiabatic Process for an Ideal Gas
15 THE SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS
15.1 Why Do Some Things Happen,While Other Do Not?
15.2 Heat Engines and the Second Law of Thermodynamics
15.3 The Carnot Heat Engine and Its Efficiency
15.4 Absolute Zero and the Third Law of Thermodynamics
15.5 Refrigerator Engines and the Second Law of Thermodynamics
15.6 The Carnot Refrigerator Engine
15.7 The Efficiency of Real Heat Engines and Refrigerator Engines
15.8 A New Concept:Entropy
15.9 Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics
15.10 The Direction of Heat Transfer:A Consequence of the Second Law
15.11 A Statistical Interpretaiton of the Entropy*
15.12 Entropy Maximization and the Arrow of Time*
15.13 Extensive and Intensive State Variables*
16 ELECTRIC CHARGES, ELECTRICAL FORCES,AND
THE ELECTRIC FIELD
16.1 The Discovery of Electrification
16.2 Polarization and Induction
16.3 Coulomb#s Force Law for Pointlike Charges:The Quantification of Charge
16.4 Charge Quantization
16.5 The Electric Field of Static Charges
16.6 The Electric Field of Pointlike Charge Distributions
16.7 A Way to Visualize the Electric Field:Electric Field Lines
16.8 A Common Molecular Charge Distribution: The Electric Dipole
16.9 The Electric Field of Continuous Distributions of Charge
16.20 Motion of a Charged Particle in a Uniform Electric Field:An Electrical Projectile
16.11 Gauss#s Law for Electric Fields*
16.12 Calculating the Magnitude of the Electric Field Using Gauss#s Law*
16.13 Conductors*
16.14 Other Electrical Materials*
17 ELECTRIC POTENTIAL ENERGY AND THE
ELECTRIC POTENTIAL
17.1 Electrical Potential Energy and the Electric Potential
17.2 The Electric Potential of a Pointlike Charge
17.3 The Electric Potential of a Collection of Pointlike Charges
17.4 The Electric Potential of Continuous Charge Distributions of Finite Size
17.5 Equipotential Volumes and Surfaces
17.6 The Relationship Between the Electric Potential and the Electric Field
17.7 Acceleration of Charged Particles Under the Influence of Electrical Forces
17.8 A New Energy Unit: The Electron-Volt
17.9 An Electric Dipole in an External Electric Field Revisited
17.10 The Electric Potential and Electric Field of a Dipole*
17.11 The Potential Energy of a Distribution of Pointlike Charges
17.12 Lightning Rods
18 CIRCUIT ELEMENTS,INDEPENDENT VOLTAGE
SOURCES,AND CAPACITORS
18.1 Terminology, Notation, and Conventions
18.2 Circuit Elements
18.3 An Independent Voltage Source:A Source of Emf
18.4 Connections of Circuit Elements
18.5 Independent Voltage Sources in Series and Parallel
18.6 Capacitors
18.7 Series and Parallel Combinations of Capacitors
18.8 Energy Stored in a Capacitor
18.9 Electrostatics in Insulating Material Media*
18.10 Capacitors and Dielectrics*
18.11 Dielectric Breakdown*
19 ELECTRIC CURRENT, RESISTANCE, AND DC CIRCUIT ANALYSIS
19.1 The Concept of Electric Current
19.2 Electric Current
19.3 The Piece de Resistance:Resistance and Ohm#s Law
19.4 Resistance Thermometers
19.5 Characteristic Curves
19.6 Series and Parallel Connections Revisited
19.7 Resistors in Series and in Parallel
19.8 Electric Power
19.9 Electrical Neworks and Circuits
19.10 Electronics
19.11 Kirchhoff#s Laws for Circuit Analysis
19.12 Electric Shock Hazards*
19.13 A Model for a Real Battery
19.14 Maximum Power Transfer Theorem
19.15 Basic Eletronic Instruments:Voltmeters, Ammeters,and Ohmmeters
19.16 An Introduction to Transients in Circuits: A Series RC Circuit*
20 MAGNETIC FORCES AND THE MAGNETIC FIELD
20.1 The Magnetic Field
20.2 Applications
20.3 Magnetic Forces on Currents
20.4 Work Done by Magnetic Forces
20.5 Torque on a Current Loop in a Magnetic Field
20.6 The Biot-Savart Law
20.7 Forces of Parallel Currents on Each Other and the Definition of the Ampere
20.8 Gauss#s Law for the Magnetic Field*
20.9 Magnetic Poles and Current Loops
20.10 Ampere#s Law*
20.11 The Displacement Current and the Ampere-Maxwell Law*
20.12 Magnetic Materials*
20.13 The Magnetic Field of the Earth*
21 FARADAY#S LAW OF ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION
21.1 Faraday#s Law of Electromagnetic Induction
21.2 Lenz#s Law
21.3 An ac Generator
21.4 Summary of the Maxwell Equations of Electromagnetism
21.5 Electromagnetic Waves*
21.6 Self-Inductance*
21.7 Series and Parallel Combinations of Inductors*
21.8 A Series LR Circuit*
21.9 Energy Stored in a Magnetic Field*
21.10 A Parallel LC Circuit*
21.11 Mutual Inductance*
21.12 An Ideal Transformer*
22 SINUSOIDAL AC CIRCUIT ANALYSIS
22.1 Representations of a Complex Variable
22.2 Arithmetic Operations with Complex Variables
22.3 Complex Potential Differences and Currents: Phasors
22.4 The Potential Difference and Current Phasors for Resistors,Inductors,and Capacitors
22.5 Series and Parallel Combinations of Impedances
22.6 Complex Independent ac Voltage Sources
22.7 Power Absorbed by Circuit Elements in ac Circuits
22.8 A Filter Circuit
22.9 A Series RLC Circuit
23 GEOMETRIC OPTICS
23.1 The Domains of Optics
23.2 The Inverse Square Law for Light
23.3 The Law of Reflection
23.4 The Law of Refraction
23.5 Total Internal Reflection
23.6 Dispersion
23.7 Rainbows*
23.8 Objects and Images
23.9 The Cartesian Sign Convention
23.10 Image Formation by Spherical and Plane Mirrors
23.11 Ray Diagrams for Mirrors
23.12 Refraction at a Single Spherical Surface
23.13 Thin Lenses
23.14 Ray Diagrams for Thin
23.15 Optical Instruments
24 PHYSICAL OPTICS
24.1 Existence of Light Waves
24.2 Interference
24.3 Young#s Double Slit Experiment
24.4 Single Slit Diffraction
24.5 Diffraction by a Circular Aperture
24.6 Resolution
24.7 The Double Slit Revisited
24.8 Multiple Slits: The Diffraction Grating
24.9 Resolution and Angular Disperaion of a Diffraction Grating
24.10 The Index of Refraction and the Speed of Light
24.11 Thin-Film Interference*
24.12 Polarized Light*
24.13 Polarization by Absorption*
24.14 Malus#s Law*
24.15 Polarization by Reflection:Brewster#s Law*
24.16 Polarization by Double Refraction*
24.17 Polarization by Scattering*
24.18 Rayleigh and Mie Scattering*
24.19 Optical Activity*
25 THE SPECIAL THEORY OF RELATIVITY
25.1 Reference Frames
25.2 Classical Galilean Relativity
25.3 The Need for Change and the Postulates of the Special Theory
25.4 Time Dilation
25.5 Lengths Perpendicular to the Direction of Motion
25.6 Lengths Oriented Along the Direction of Motion: Length Contraction
25.7 The Lorentz Transformation Equations
25.8 The Relativity of Simultaneity
25.9 A Relativistic Centipede
25.10 A Relativistic Paradox and Its Resolution*
25.11 Relativistic Velocity Addition
25.12 Cosmic Jets and the Optical Illusion of Superluminal Speeds*
25.13 The Longitudinal Doppler Effect
25.14 The Transverse Doppler Effect*
25.15 A General Equation for the Relativistic Doppler Effect*
25.16 Relativistic Momentum
25.17 The CWE Theorem Revisited
25.18 Implications of the Equivalence Between Mass and Energy
25.19 Space-Time Diagrams*
25.20 Electromgnetic Implications of the Special Theory*
25.21 The General Theory of Relativity*
26 AN APERITIF: MODERN PHYSICS
26.1 The Discovery of the Electron
26.2 The Discovery of X-rays
26.3 The Discovery of Radioactivity
26.4 The Appearance of Planck#s Constant h
26.5 The Photoelectric Effect
26.6 The Quest for an Atomic Model: Plum Pudding
26.7 The Bohr Model of a Hydrogenic Atom
26.8 The Bohr Correspondence Principle
26.9 A Bohr Model of the Solar System?*
26.10 Problems with the Bohr Model
26.11 Radioactivity Revisited
26.12 Carbon Dating
26.13 Radiation Units,Dose,and Exposure*
26.14 The Momentum of a Photon
26.15 The de Broglie Hypothesis
27 AN INTRODUCTION TO QUANTUM MECHANICS
27.1 The Heisenberg Uncertainty Principles
27.2 Implications of the Position-Momentum Uncertainty Principle
27.3 Implications of the Energy-Time Uncertainty Principle
27.4 Observation and Measurement
27.5 Particle-Waves and the Wavefunction
27.6 Operators*
27.7 The Schrodinger Equation*
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